What are the requirements of NFPA 72?

NFPA 72 only provides requirements for the installation, performance, testing, inspection, and maintenance of the fire alarm system. NFPA 101®, Life Safety Code® and other codes determine whether a fire alarm system is required in a given occupancy.

What chapter of NFPA 72 covers smoke detector requirements?

Although A17. 1 is the code that governs the elevators, it references NFPA 72 for the installation of smoke detectors, other initiating devices, elevator recall, elevator shutdown, and other equipment necessary for these features to communicate and function.

What are two of the major requirements for detector placement according to NFPA 72 in residential occupancies?

Install smoke alarms inside each bedroom, outside each sleeping area and on every level of the home, including the basement. On levels without bedrooms, install alarms in the living room (or den or family room) or near the stairway to the upper level, or in both locations.

Does NFPA 72 contain sections that are retroactive?

The National Fire Alarm Code “establishes the minimum required levels of performance, extent of redundancy, and quality of installation but does not establish the only methods by which these requirements are to be achieved.” Although the code only applies to the installation of new systems and is not retroactive, the …

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What is the difference between NFPA 70 and NFPA 72?

NFPA 70®, National Electrical Code®, NEC® covers wiring of a fire alarm system, but does not cover performance of a fire alarm system. NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code covers the requirements for installation performance of fire alarm systems.

What does an asterisk mean in NFPA 72?

Throughout the chapters, an asterisk (*) following a number or letter indicating a paragraph, is a reference to related explanatory material that can be found in the Annex. The annex is not a part of the requirements of the standard but does contain additional material for informational purposes.

Where should smoke alarms not be placed?

Where the temperatures are regularly below 40°F (4° C) or above 100° F (38° C) including unheated buildings, outdoor rooms, porches, or unfinished attics or basements. In very dusty, dirty, or greasy areas. Do not install a Smoke Alarm directly over the stove or range.

Where should co2 detectors be placed?

Because carbon monoxide is slightly lighter than air and also because it may be found with warm, rising air, detectors should be placed on a wall about 5 feet above the floor. The detector may be placed on the ceiling. Do not place the detector right next to or over a fireplace or flame-producing appliance.

Is NFPA mandatory?

In most cases, compliance with NFPA standards is voluntary. However, in some cases, federal or state Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA) agencies have incorporated wording from NFPA standards into regulations. In these cases, complying with the standards is mandatory.

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Why is NFPA 72 compliance needed?

The NFPA 72 “covers the application, installation, location, performance, inspection, testing, and maintenance of fire alarm systems, supervising station alarm systems, public emergency alarm reporting systems, fire warning equipment and emergency communications systems (ECS), and their components.” Federal, state, and …

What NFPA 74?

In 1989, NFPA 74 Standard for the Installation, Maintenance and Use of Household Fire Warning Equipment, required newly constructed residential homes to have interconnected (hard- wired) smoke alarms on every level of the home and outside the sleeping areas.

What is the NFPA do?

The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) is a global self-funded nonprofit organization, established in 1896, devoted to eliminating death, injury, property and economic loss due to fire, electrical and related hazards. … NFPA membership totals more than 50,000 individuals around the world.

Is 2189 a fire alarm system?

It is applicable to simple systems with a few manual call points as well as to complex installations comprising addressable control and indicating panel, non-addressable detectors, manual call points, control and indication panels.

Fire safety