Initiating devices detect a fire emergency and communicate it to the fire alarm control panel. These can be triggered both manually (pull stations), as well as automatically in a response to heat, smoke or flame. When one of these initiating devices is triggered, the control panel will go into an alarm state.
What are fire alarm supervisory devices?
Per NFPA definition, a supervisory signal initiating device is “an initiating device such as a valve supervisory switch, water level indicator, or low air pressure switch on a dry-pipe sprinkler system in which the change of state signals an off-normal condition and its restoration to normal of a fire protection or …
What are examples of fire alarm notification devices?
The most common notification devices installed today are strobes, horn strobes, speakers and speaker strobes.
- Strobes provide synchronized flashes to alert the hearing-impaired occupants to evacuate the premises. …
- Horn strobes combine audible and visual alarms to alert the occupants to evacuate the premises.
What are the 3 main types of fire alarm?
The three most common smoke detectors are ionisation, photoelectric, and combination ionisation/photoelectric. All smoke detectors sound an alarm, when they identify smoke, in order to notify a building’s occupants. What differentiates these detectors from one another is the way that they detect smoke.
What is the difference between smoke detector and fire alarm?
Put simply, a smoke alarm detects smoke and sounds an alarm. … Put simply, a smoke detector senses smoke only and must be connected to a fire alarm system control panel. Smoke detectors are a detection device only – not an alarm.
What is a Type 4 fire alarm system?
Type 4: – A fire detection and alarm system with manual call points and smoke detectors, connected to the fire brigade. Heat detectors are allowed to replace smoke detectors in some locations.
What does a fire alarm panel do?
They work by responding to changes in an electrical current, such as when a smoke detector identifies smoke and changes the current in response. Once the fire panel detects this current, it sounds the alarm. The conventional fire panel is installed in different zones—such as the first floor, second floor, etc.
What is a ground fault in a fire alarm system?
A ground fault occurs when one or more electrical components are short circuited to a ground potential. In a fire alarm system, this can occur when an exposed wire or alarm component touches a metal “grounded” object, such as a junction box, ceiling grid, or any other metal object located in a building structure.