What is fire alarm head end?

Head-end: A primary control panel that serves as a hub for all the smoke detectors, heat detectors, hand pull devices, and other alarm devices throughout a space. It’s also where an alarm signal is sent from the facility to a 24/7 alarm monitoring center.

What are the 2 types of fire alarms?

Generally, there are two types of home smoke alarms: photoelectric and ionization.

How does a FACP work?

An FACP is the “brain” of the fire alarm system to which all other devices are connected. When an initiating device (such as a smoke detector or a manual pull station) transmits an alarm signal to the FACP, it activates the notification devices to alert the occupants via audible and visual alarm devices.

What type of fire alarm is best?

Ionization smoke alarms tend to respond faster to the smoke produced by flaming fires than photoelectric smoke alarms. Photoelectric smoke alarms tend to respond faster to the smoke produced by smoldering fires than ionization smoke alarms.

What is a Type 4 fire alarm system?

Type 4: – A fire detection and alarm system with manual call points and smoke detectors, connected to the fire brigade. Heat detectors are allowed to replace smoke detectors in some locations.

What are the 3 main types of fire alarm?

The three most common smoke detectors are ionisation, photoelectric, and combination ionisation/photoelectric. All smoke detectors sound an alarm, when they identify smoke, in order to notify a building’s occupants. What differentiates these detectors from one another is the way that they detect smoke.

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What is a life safety panel?

Life-safety system, Any interior building element designed to protect and evacuate the building population in emergencies, including fires and earthquakes, and less critical events, such as power failures. … For fire suppression, hand-operated fire extinguishers and, often, building sprinkler systems are provided.

Fire safety