In basic terms, Active fire protection is about detecting, stopping and escaping fire. Whereas passive fire protection means containing the fire and preventing it from spreading further.
What is the difference between active fire protection and passive fire protection?
Passive fire protection is about containing the fire while active fire protection is about stopping the fire. While the systems work independently, but both systems need to be functioning properly to suppress and stop a fire.
What is meant by passive fire protection?
Passive Fire Protection is built into the structure to provide stability and into walls and floors to separate the building into areas of manageable risk – compartments. These areas are designed to restrict the growth and spread of fire allowing occupants to escape and offering protection for firefighters.
What is an example of a passive fire protection system?
By using fire-resistant walls and floors, PFP gives people time to escape from a building that has a fire. … Other examples of PFP include dampers which prevent the spread of fire and smoke through a building’s ductwork, and fire doors which compartmentalize fires.
What is an example of active fire protection?
Active fire protection systems include hoses, water spray, deluge, sprinklers, firewater monitors, and steam rings around flanges. In most cases the principal firefighting medium is water. However, other agents such as carbon dioxide can also be used.
What is the best defense against fire?
As always, the best defense against a fire is to be prepared. Take a moment to look at your fire extinguisher.
What is an example of a way to avoid fire risks in the first place?
Make sure all of your fire protection equipment (ie fire extinguishers, control panels, etc.) are easily accessible. Also don’t block the fire sprinklers or fire alarms with anything, such as dust, debris or paint. You don’t want to hinder the functionality of your equipment.
What is an active method of fire prevention?
Active Fire Protection (AFP) is a group of systems that require some amount of action or motion in order to work efficiently in the event of a fire. Actions may be manually operated, like a fire extinguisher or automatic, like a sprinkler, but either way they require some amount of action.
What is meant by fire compartmentation?
“A building or part of a building comprising one or more rooms, spaces or storeys constructed to prevent the spread of fire to or from another part of the same building or an adjoining building.” … There are two main reasons as to why fire compartmentation is required – for life safety and property protection purposes.
Are sprinklers passive or active?
Active fire protection systems such as water sprinkler and spray systems are widely used in the process industries for protection of storage vessels, process plant, loading installations and warehouses.
What are the different types of fire protection systems?
Common Fire Protection Systems
- Wet Fire Sprinkler Systems. …
- Dry Pipe Systems. …
- Special Hazard Fire Protection Systems. …
- Dry Chemical Fire Suppression Systems. …
- Gaseous Fire Suppression Systems. …
- Foam Fire Suppression Systems.