Firefighters control a fire’s spread (or put it out) by removing one of the three ingredients fire needs to burn: heat, oxygen, or fuel. They remove heat by applying water or fire retardant on the ground (using pumps or special wildland fire engines) or by air (using helicopters/airplanes).
What is the best way to put out a wildfire?
To put out a fire, heat, fuel or oxygen must be removed. Putting dirt and water or retardant on fire removes the oxygen from the fuel. This allows a firefighter using a hand tool such as shovel, axe, rake or Pulaski to extinguish small fires.
What can we do to stop forest fires?
Forest Fire Prevention Tips
- Obey local laws regarding open fires, including campfires;
- Keep all flammable objects away from fire;
- Have firefighting tools nearby and handy;
- Carefully dispose of hot charcoal;
- Drown all fires;
- Carefully extinguish smoking materials.
What are the three techniques used to fight fires?
The following are the basic firefighting techniques that exist:
- Direct Attack Technique. This must be the most well-known technique for firefighting. …
- Indirect Attack Technique. …
- The Combination Attack Technique. …
- Fog Attack Technique. …
- The “Two Lines In” Technique.
How much water is used to extinguish a forest fire?
This matters because you need a gallon of water to put out every 3 square feet that’s on fire. By the way, a hose spraying 300 gallons of water a minute can fill about 8 bathtubs at once!
How do you put out a big fire?
Throw lots of baking soda or salt on it. Never use flour, which can explode or make the fire worse. Smother the fire with a wet towel or other large wet cloth. Use a fire extinguisher.
What causes a forest fire?
Natural causes – Many forest fires start from natural causes such as lightning which set trees on fire. … Man made causes – Fire is caused when a source of fire like naked flame, cigarette or bidi, electric spark or any source of ignition comes into contact with inflammable material.
How can we protect forest?
Some of the steps we can take to conserve our forest resources are as follows:
- Regulated and Planned Cutting of Trees: …
- Control over Forest Fire: …
- Reforestation and Afforestation: …
- Check over Forest Clearance for Agricultural and Habitation Purposes: …
- Protection of Forests: …
- Proper Utilisation of Forest and Forests Products: