Keep informed on fire weather conditions and forecasts. Know what your fire is doing at all times. Base all actions on current and expected behavior of the fire. Identify escape routes and safety zones, and make them known.
What are the three main categories of the 10 Standard Firefighting Orders?
The orders are arranged according to their importance and grouped in a logical sequence: fire behavior, fireline safety, and organizational control.
What are the four groupings within the ten standard firefighting orders?
They are grouped according to different categories. 1-3 are fire behavior, 4-6 are fireline safety, 7-9 are organizational control, and 10 happens if 1-9 are followed. Keep informed of fire weather conditions and forecasts.
Where did the 10 Standard Firefighting Orders come from?
The original 10 Standard Firefighting Orders were developed in 1957 by a task force commissioned by USDA Forest Service Chief Richard E. McArdle. The task force reviewed the records of 16 tragedy fires that occurred between 1937 and 1956.
What is the most common type of wildland fire?
What is the most common type of wildland fire? Ground cover: fires that burn loose debris on the surface of the ground. This debris includes vegetation such as grass, as well as dead leaves, needles, and branches that have fallen from shrubs and trees.
Which would make the best safety zone?
How do you identify a good safety zone? Consider the distance from the escaped fire as well as topography, winds, fire behavior, and fuels in the area. The best locations are usually in the black, have with a minimum of, or are devoid of, ground/aerial vegetation, or are large bodies of water.
What are the four components of Lces?
LCES stands for lookout(s), communication(s), escape routes and safety zone(s).
Which tool combines an AXE with an adze?
The pulaski is a special hand tool used in wildland firefighting. The tool combines an axe and an adze in one head, similar to that of the cutter mattock, with a rigid handle of wood, plastic, or fiberglass. The pulaski is a versatile tool for constructing firebreaks, as it can be used to both dig soil and chop wood.
Which is one of the three alternate meanings of the A in laces?
According to the Firefighter’s Handbook on Wildland Firefighting (Teie 1994), the “A” in LACES stands for “Awareness.” It is also believed that some agencies have dedicated the letter “A” to denote “Attitude,” amongst other labels.
What is a standard in firefighting?
The NFPA 1001 (Firefighter I and II) standard identifies the minimum job performance requirements for career and volunteer fire fighters whose duties are primarily structural in nature and the purpose of this standard shall be to ensure that persons meeting the requirements of this standard who are engaged in …
When should Lces be implemented?
Implementing LCES on the Front Lines
Many experienced firefighters recommend staying within 100 feet of the safety zone in situations where the fire is close enough to make a sudden run toward their location.