A common fire protection system is a smoke detector and a sprinkler. If a fire sparks, smoke sets off the detector causing the sprinkler system to activate. The water protects against the spread of fire.
What is fire safety systems?
A Fire Safety System (FSS) refers to all the means used to detect, inform, intervene or evacuate a public access building (PAB) in the event of a fire. Installing a type of FSS in a facility is determined by the Safety Committee or by the facility’s Safety Regulations.
What is the best defense against fire?
As always, the best defense against a fire is to be prepared. Take a moment to look at your fire extinguisher.
What is the importance of fire safety?
Having effective procedures and measures in place can save lives. Fire alarms, smoke detectors, emergency lighting, fire exits and escape routes are all measures that can be taken to minimise the damage of fires when they do occur.
What are the two main types of fire protection systems?
Fire-protection systems fall into two main categories — passive fire protection and active fire protection. Passive fire protection involves the use of building components to control or limit a fire. Walls, floors, and ceilings can be designed and constructed to resist the passage of fire and smoke.
Do I need a fire suppression system?
Fire suppression systems should be used in buildings where a sprinkler system would be harmful or not effective. Buildings like industrial plants storing hazardous chemicals should use a suppression system because chemicals need more effective extinguishers than water and immediate action.
What are the 3 main types of fire alarm?
The three most common smoke detectors are ionisation, photoelectric, and combination ionisation/photoelectric. All smoke detectors sound an alarm, when they identify smoke, in order to notify a building’s occupants. What differentiates these detectors from one another is the way that they detect smoke.
How are fire classified?
Fires can be classified in five different ways depending on the agent that fuels them: Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D, and Class K. Each type of fire involves different flammable materials and requires a special approach. … In most cases, knowing which type of fire extinguisher to use is crucial.
What is a Type 4 fire alarm system?
Type 4: – A fire detection and alarm system with manual call points and smoke detectors, connected to the fire brigade. Heat detectors are allowed to replace smoke detectors in some locations.