Why do firefighters use elevators?

The use of Elevators for Emergency Fire fighting operations. … Thus elevators provide the third most common means of transport for firefighters, after apparatus and stairs. Elevators are the only practical means of quickly moving many resources to the upper floors of the building.

What does it mean when a firefighter is on elevators?

Firefighters’ Emergency Operation ( FEO )

If people are in an elevator when a Fire Alarm Initiating Device ( FAID ) activates, the elevator will automatically move to a safe floor, away from the fire, and shut down with the doors open. The elevator will then remain unavailable for normal use until it is reset.

Why is it important for firefighters to be very familiar with elevator operations?

There are two main control modes on an elevator that firefighters need to be familiar with. … When the car reaches the lobby, all hoist way doors should open and remain open allowing firefighters to ensure that occupants are not in a stalled elevator somewhere above the lobby. Phase II is firefighter control.

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Why can’t you use an elevator during a fire?

It isn’t appropriate to use an elevator during a fire or similar building emergency. Elevators are designed to be recalled to a floor, usually the lobby, during alarm conditions. … Also, smoke may enter the elevator shaft, which would migrate toward the roof, exposing any elevator occupants to that smoke.

When using elevators firefighters should stop?

The light on the floor button should turn off and the elevator should stop at the current floor or the next floor. Step 10. Switch the fire service key to “OFF”. If the elevator doors were open, they should close and then the elevator will travel to the main lobby floor (same floor as the Phase 1 Key Switch).

How do firefighters get people out of stuck elevators?

They can pull the person through an escape hatch in the ceiling or open the doors to the building so the person can get out, if the elevator is positioned right. If the elevator is hydraulic, firefighters can slowly lower the car into a position that makes it easier for people to walk out.

What is Phase I operation in the emergency use of elevators?

Under Phase I operation, elevators that are 25 feet or more above the main floor return either to a designated landing area or an alternate area. Phase I operation is activated either manually by a special key, or automatically by a fire alarm initiating device.

What can happen if the shunt trip is activated in an elevator hoistway?

(Some jurisdictions may permit a delay in operation of the power shunt trip so that the elevator car can move to its primary recall floor level and open its doors. … Phase I Emergency Recall is activated by a smoke detector in an elevator lobby or landing or in a machine room or at the top of the elevator hoistway.

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Can you smoke in elevator?

Mayor Beame signed into law yesterday legislation that bans smoking in passenger elevators and authorizes raising the noise level of automobile horns by 16 decibels. … Both the new law and the regulation require no‐smoking signs in elevators as well as in building lobbies.

What would happen if an elevator fell?

Most likely, a falling elevator won’t be totally unobstructed. But if it was, you would get to experience weightlessness for a few seconds before being crushed like a bug. Because what happens to your fragile body in a falling elevator can’t be undone by any “tricks” like jumping at the last second.

What is the benefit of crawling out of a room that is filling with smoke?

Fire Science Answer Key

2. Why is crawling under smoke safer than walking through it? Smoke rises, leaving more smoke-free air to breathe closer to the ground.

Fire safety